Rome Italy

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Rome
Rome is a city and a special commune in Italy. It is the capital of the country, of the province with the same name and also of the Lazio region.
Rome's urban area extends beyond the city's administrative boundaries with a population of about 3.8 million.
The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian peninsula, cut by the Tiber River, within Lazio. Rome is the only city in the world that has inside it an entire country, the Vatican enclave.
The history of Rome spans over 2,500 years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. Rome is one of the oldest continually occupied cities in Europe and is known as "The Eternal City," an idea expressed by Roman writers. Old. In the ancient world, it was successively the capital of the Kingdom of Rome, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire and is considered one of the cradles of Western civilization. From the first century, the city is the seat of the papacy and in the eighth century the city became the capital of the Pontifical States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy and in 1946 of the Italian Republic. .
Tourism
Rome is an eternal city with its fountains, monuments, art everywhere, La Dolce Vita and all the history of one of the most important cities of antiquity. Delicious restaurants, amazing hotels, sightseeing, attractive shopping, in short, Rome is fantastic.
One of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World! Originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, it was first built in 72 AD by Emperor Vespasian and was completed by his son Titus in 80.
 Located east of the Roman Forum, it is giant and exciting.
All visitors want to see the Trevi Fountain. The largest and most famous fountain in Rome, built in 1735 by architect Salvi at the time of Pope Clement XII. Who doesn't remember Frederico Fellini's movie "La Dolce Vita"? One can not forget to throw a coin back to the shoulders, and make a wish to be able to return to Rome.
Another marvel to visit is St. Peter's Basilica, a grand basilica in Rome's Vatican City, where the Pope appears to greet all who gather there to see him, making the area the largest church in the world with an area of ​​23,000. It can accommodate over 60,000 people, making it one of the holiest places in Christianity. It is worth climbing to the top to enjoy this view.
St. Peter's Square is huge to house so many believers who want to see the Pope. It is located opposite St. Peter's Basilica and was designed by Bernini in the 17th century on the basis of classical but also Baroque style and has a 40 m high Ancient Egyptian obelisk in the center, including the base and cross in the high century XIII A.C. and was brought to Rome in the reign of Emperor Nero.
The Vatican Museum one of the most important in the world is divided into splendid collections of works by the greatest artists, halls and more huge halls, beautiful as the map room! And the main one is later in the visit: Sistine Chapel, recently restored where you can enjoy the wonders of frescoes such as Michelangelo's "Last Judgment".
Also be sure to visit the Patheon, one of the most impressive works of the Roman Empire built in the time of Emperor Hadrian (117-138 AD) (Piazza della Rotonda).
The Baths of Caracalla were started by Carcalla in 217 AD and completed by Emperors Heliogabalus and Alexander Severus. The complex that can be visited is quite grand, where there were the spa, the public swimming pools, like a club. The place is wonderful, it's ruins with beautiful mosaics, in an area of ​​25,000 m2 that was covered and with a ceiling height of 38,5 m, with capacity for about 2,000 people, and where you can see the opera "Aida" staged outdoors among its ruins.
The Castello Sant'Angelo, whose origin of the castle is that of a mausoleum created between 130 and 139 for Emperor Hadrian. It is located near the Vatican and is undoubtedly a must see.
These are some of the many sights that can be found in Rome. Much more Rome has to offer.
Gastronomy
In Rome the variety of food is extraordinary, there are many possibilities to taste a good dish, but it is always advisable to know the best places, not only for quality but also for prices and traditions.
To save money, the Termini area is ideal, there are plenty of good service restaurants and a respectable environment. Pizza and kilo restaurants are also recommended.
Another place that is usually cheap is Trastevere, in this area you will find many "trattorias" and places to eat by weight.
The best food in Rome is found around the Vatican and in the restaurants near the monuments and tourist places.
Among the Roman specialties one of the most requested are meats, especially Tuscan meat and Roman sausage that can be served with or without spicy. Gelato ice cream is also another attraction but prices must be taken into account.
With regards to desserts, the best option is tiramisu or black tartufo. Most restaurants offer both, but beware the prices are often too high for a simple dessert.
The wines are also traditional in Rome, so most good restaurants offer a wide variety, so it is best to order a house wine, so white wine is served in a carafe. The taste is mild and pleasant.
Weather
Rome is a city with a Mediterranean climate, a marine climate and is located just 20 kilometers from the Mediterranean Sea. It is a city that has rainy winters with mild temperatures and hot summers.
In winter, daytime temperatures range from 11 to 17 or 18 ° C, while at night it can fall to 4 or 5 ° C. In summer, thermometers often exceed 32 ° C during the day.
The best time to visit the city of Rome and enjoy a pleasant outdoor temperature while visiting its monuments is spring or early autumn, ie during April, May, September and October.
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